Under the solar float there can be one or two ALPHA 4-ways who control green algae in a radius of 150m and blue green algae 400m. Optional with monitoring system.
One novel approach that is being utilized lately is with the use ofALPHA wastewater ultrasound technology. These high intensity sound waves are applied to sewage to promote hydrolysis during sludge treatment. Ultrasound causes the destruction of bacterial cells and difficult-to-degrade organics.
The use of ultrasound isn’t entirely new, however. Europe has been using this process for several years across 14 wastewater treatment plants. Germany has documented impressive results from two full-scale treatment plants that use wastewater ultrasound technology in treating sludge.
Ultrasound Applications in Wastewater Sludge Pre-treatment: A Review
Municipal wastewater sludge, particularly waste activated sludge (WAS), is more difficult to digest than primary solids due to a rate-limiting cell lysis step. The cell wall and the membrane of prokaryotes are composed of complex organic materials such as peptidoglycan, teichoic acids, and complex polysaccharides, which are not readily biodegradable.
Physical pre-treatment, particularly ultrasonic, is emerging as a popular method for WAS disintegration. The exposure of the microbial cells to ultrasound energy ruptures the cell wall and membrane and releases the intracellular organics in the bulk solution, which enhances the overall digestibility.
This review article summarizes the major findings of ultrasonic application in WAS disintegration, and elucidates the impacts of sonic treatment on both aerobic and anaerobic digestion. This review also touches on some basics of ultrasonics, different methods of quantifying ultrasonic efficacy, and some engineering aspects of ultrasonic as applied to biological sludge disintegration. The review aims to advance the understanding of ultrasound sludge disintegration and outlines the future research direction. There is general agreement that ultrasonic density is more important than sonication time for efficient sludge disintegration.
Published studies showed as much as 40% improvement in solubilization of WAS following ultrasonic pretreatment. Based on kinetic models, ultrasonic disintegration was impacted in the order: sludge pH > sludge concentration > ultrasonic intensity > ultrasonic density. Both laboratory and full-scale studies showed that the integration of an ultrasonic system to the anaerobic digester improved the anaerobic digestibility significantly.